know about genital wart

Genital warts are warts around or on the genitals. They are at the penis, the vagina or the anus. You get them through sexual contact. The cause of the warts is an HPV virus. A little while after you have come into contact with this virus, warts come. Genital warts start small, grow and can spread further. They usually grow in groups. They are pink-red or gray-white in color.HPV stands for the human papillomavirus. It is the most common STD.

HPV: 100 types

About 100 different HPV types are known, part of which infect the skin. This causes warts. Another part of the HPV types infects the mucosa ( mucous membranes ), the cells that form the moist boundary between the body and the outside world. These cells can be found for example in the oral cavity, the esophagus, but also in the vagina and uterus (neck).

HPV: high and low-risk types

Of the latter type of HPV, there are high-risk types and low-risk types:

  • Low-risk types (most well known are types 6 and 11) cause genital warts.
  • High-risk types (most well known are types 16 and 18) can give rise to cervical cancer. These types can also lead to the penis and testicular cancer or head and neck cancers (after oral sex, also in women).

Symptoms of genital warts

Sometimes genital warts are only disturbing to see, but you can also suffer from itching, pain or a burning sensation. There may also be some discharge from your vagina or urethra.

In women, the warts are mainly at the entrance of the vagina, around the clitoris or around the anus. Sometimes there are also warts in the vagina and on the cervix.

In men, the warts are mainly on the penis, at the outlet of the urethra, on the scrotum or around the anus

Complaints in women:

  • Warts around and in the vagina
  • Invisible warts in the vagina or on the cervix
  • Warts around anus – this is also possible without anal sex
  • Itching, pain or a burning sensation

Complaints in men:

  • Warts around and on the penis
  • Warts around anus – this is also possible without anal sex
  • Itching, pain or a burning sensation

How do genital warts develop?

Genital warts are caused by a virus. This is the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV type 6 and 11). This virus is transferred to the skin or mucous membrane of the other person during sex (touching, rubbing). Use of a condom can not completely prevent this. This is partly because warts can also sit outside the condom edge. Contamination is also possible via the fingers or by using a dildo together (immediately after each other).

As the only SOA, genital warts can be transmitted by using a towel from someone with genital warts.

Genital warts can develop up to eight months after infection with the virus. Not everyone who is infected with the virus gets warts.

How do you get genital warts?

Genital warts sit around and on the penis, vagina or anus. They are caused by an HPV virus. You walk this virus through contact of the genitals. You can also use the fingers or a used towel. Condoms do not protect 100% against the virus. The virus can also be excreted through the skin around genitals. Most people do not get warts of the virus. You can still pass it on.

Treatment of genital warts

Genital warts usually disappear spontaneously. This can take years. Genital warts are inconvenient, treatment is only necessary if you have a lot of problems. You then apply an ointment or liquid to warts for five to sixteen weeks. A doctor can also freeze, burn away or cut away warts. The virus does not disappear from your body. Warts can therefore return.

Treatment of genital warts

  • You can touch them with a cream or liquid with podophyllotoxin. Do this twice a day for three consecutive days.

Then wait for four days. Then you treat again for three days in a row. So every week only three days. Do not treat for more than five weeks. Stop earlier if the warts are gone.

  • You can also use imiquimod cream. Do this once a day, three days a week every other day. So for example on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. Do not treat for more than sixteen weeks. Stop earlier if the warts are gone.
  • The third choice is a treatment with sinecatechins ointment: three times a day, on all days of the week. Do not treat for more than 16 weeks. Stop earlier if the warts are gone.

When the warts are gone, that does not necessarily mean that the virus is gone. You can remain infectious to others. Warts can also come back.

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